Digital Business and New Technologies




BNU ID: 22025212




ACADEMIC YEAR: 2022/2023

MODULE: BM 565 Digital Business and New Technologies

ASSIGNMENT: Report: Innovation in Medicine – Vein Scanners



Executive summary


A specialized diagnostic procedure known as vein scanning or vein ultrasound is used to visualize the body’s venous system. This non-invasive test uses ultrasound to examine veins and the blood that flows through them. In most cases, a vein scan is done in the lower extremities to look for blood clots or other blockages in the veins. A biometric scanner and advanced patient-matching software make up the technological solution for palm vein recognition. The pattern of the veins in the palm of the patient’s hand is captured by a biometric palm vein scanner using a light wave in the near-infrared range. This scan creates a unique biometric template or digital representation of a patient’s individual vein pattern. High-level palm vein recognition innovation engages staff to accurately recognize patients and enables them to obtain the correct medical record for each patient. Palm vein recognition is the only biometric method proven to identify patients consistently and accurately at any stage of the healthcare process, including inpatients, outpatients, and emergency departments. It can even be used to identify unconscious patients like Jane or John Doe. Compared to other patient identifiers, palm vein recognition solutions also have a very high level of patient acceptance and satisfaction. Patients appreciate the benefits and convenience of the technology, as well as its intuitive and easy use. Although ultrasound is a simple procedure, it is an important tool for evaluating soft tissues such as veins. When it comes to diagnosing patients with persistent leg pain, vein scanning is considered the best option. It is a useful non-invasive tool to identify blocked veins or blood clots. A blood clot can cause death; Therefore, early diagnosis is essential to improve the patient’s prognosis and the success of treatment.


Table of Contents






A vein scanner is a biometric device that uses near-infrared light to capture an image of the veins in a person’s hand, wrist, or finger. The pattern of veins is unique to each individual and can be used as a form of identification, like fingerprint or iris recognition. Vein scanners work by illuminating the veins with near-infrared light, which is absorbed by the deoxygenated blood in the veins, making them visible. The pattern of veins is then captured and compared to a pre-registered template to authenticate the identity of the individual. Vein scanners are commonly used in security systems, healthcare facilities, and financial institutions, as they offer a high level of accuracy and security (Barone, 2019).

Vein scanners are primarily used for medical purposes, such as locating veins for blood draws and injections. They are particularly useful for patients with difficult-to-locate veins or those with medical conditions that make it difficult to access veins. Vein scanners can also be used to monitor the progression of certain medical conditions, such as varicose veins (Bhanushali, 2015).

Importance of topic


Vein scanners are an important topic for several reasons, including:

Vein scanners are used as a biometric authentication method to identify individuals based on the unique patterns of their veins. This technology is used in various industries, including healthcare, banking, and security. Unlike other biometric authentication methods like fingerprints and facial recognition, vein scanners are difficult to forge or manipulate. This makes them a more reliable and accurate form of identification (Fang, 2020).

Description of technology


Vein scanners are medical devices that use near-infrared (NIR) technology to scan and capture images of the veins under a person’s skin. This technology is commonly used for intravenous access procedures such as blood draws, IV infusions, and medication administration (Hayashi, 2019). Here is a detailed description of the technology used in vain scanners and its importance:

Near-Infrared (NIR) Technology: Vein scanners use NIR technology to penetrate the skin and detect the veins. NIR light has a longer wavelength than visible light and can penetrate deeper into the body. The device emits a beam of NIR light, and the haemoglobin in the blood absorbs this light, making the veins appear darker than the surrounding tissue.

Infrared Camera: A high Description of technology -resolution infrared camera is used to capture the image of the veins. The camera detects the reflected NIR light, and the image is displayed on a computer screen. The image is then analysed to identify the location, size, and depth of the veins.

Image Processing Algorithms: Image processing algorithms are used to analyse the captured image and identify the veins. The algorithms use various techniques such as edge detection, contrast enhancement, and image segmentation to identify the veins accurately.

Real-Time Feedback: The vein scanner provides real-time feedback to the operator, allowing them to adjust the position of the device or the patient’s limb to obtain a better image of the veins. This feature is particularly helpful when dealing with patients with difficult venous access.



The importance of vein scanners in medical settings cannot be overstated. Vein scanners offer several benefits, including:

Improving Patient Comfort: Vein scanners are non-invasive, which means that there is no need for needles to be inserted multiple times, reducing the patient’s discomfort during the procedure.

Reducing Complications: By accurately identifying the veins, vein scanners reduce the likelihood of complications such as infiltration, extravasation, or accidental arterial puncture.

Saving Time: Vein scanners can reduce the time needed to find a suitable vein, which is especially crucial in emergency situations.

Increasing Efficiency: Vein scanners help healthcare professionals perform procedures more efficiently, which can help reduce healthcare costs and improve patient outcomes.

So, vein scanners are an essential tool in the healthcare industry, and their importance is likely to increase as medical technology continues to advance. There are several software programs used in vain scanners, depending on the specific device and manufacturer (Han, 2012). Here are a few examples:

Vascular View: This software is used in the Vein Viewer by Christie Medical Holdings. It captures and processes near-infrared light images to create real-time, high-resolution images of veins.

AccuVein AV400: This device uses proprietary software to project a map of veins onto the skin’s surface, which assists healthcare providers in identifying veins for medical procedures.

Vein Sight: This software is used in the Vein Sight vein finder by Vue Tek Scientific. It uses infrared light and a camera to capture images of veins, which are then processed and displayed on a screen.

Vein Viewer Flex: This device uses Vain Viewer Vision2 software, which utilizes multispectral imaging and pattern projection technology to provide real-time images of veins.

These are just a few examples of the software programs used in vain scanners. Different vein scanners may use different software depending on their design and intended use.

What type of business and organisation uses the vein scanner


Vein scanners are used primarily in security systems to authenticate the identity of individuals based on the unique pattern of veins in their hand or finger. Therefore, businesses and organizations that require high-security measures may use vein scanners (MacLaren, 2020). Some examples include:

1. Government agencies: Government agencies such as military bases, police departments, and national security organizations use vein scanners to ensure the safety and security of their premises.

2. Financial institutions: Banks and other financial institutions use vein scanners to authenticate the identity of customers and employees to prevent fraud.

3. Hospitals: Hospitals and other medical facilities use vein scanners to identify patients and ensure that the correct treatment is administered.

4. Corporations: Large corporations may use vein scanners as a security measure to restrict access to certain areas of the building or to protect confidential information.

5. Airports: Airports may use vein scanners as part of their security system to verify the identity of passengers and employees.

Any organization that requires high levels of security or needs to authenticate the identity of individuals can benefit from using vein scanners. Vein representation is basic for medical care laborers who draw blood. These positions can incorporate attendants, phlebotomists, doctors, and paramedics. In some cases, clinicians can rapidly find a vein and perform blood work. In principle, there are an excessive number of cases including unfortunate vein locaters prompting missed blood work or lost time. Vein locater gadgets can introduce pictures of shallow veins that assist with further developing cut exactness (Mohsin, 2020).

Great vein watchers will likewise show the encompassing tissue and feature bloodstream regions inside a patient’s veins. One more advantage of vein watchers for phlebotomists is deciding on a patient’s vein evaluation device (Tank) and fruitful blood gift. A patient’s Tank was positioned somewhere in the range of 0 and 12 with a vein locater. A vein locater and other great clinical gadgets can be a unique advantage for some centres. These basic yet compelling gadgets can give protected and powerful pictures or screens (Nemoto, 2019). Clinicians use them to assist with directing their treatment designs more proficiently and lessen human blunder.

Rather than utilizing a progression of passwords and numbers, clients will want to sign on to their records by putting one of their fingers into a scanner (Pan, 2019). The innovation is very unmistakable from finger impression acknowledgement. Regardless, Barclays will help business clients as it were (Zhang, 2020). Nonetheless, “finger vein verification”, as it is known, is probably going to be proposed to all clients later. A versatile scanner, the size of a tennis ball, is connected to the PC’s USB port and uses close infrared light to really look at the remarkable example of veins inside the finger. Just a living finger is acknowledged by the scanner, decreasing the gamble that fraudsters will utilize substitutes or duplicates to break into a ledger. Banks are projecting around for better approaches to battle misrepresentation, as clients become progressively tired of different passwords and PINs, or utilizing electronic number generators at whatever point they sign-on (Perkins, 2020).

How vein scanner is used as a business tool and how effective it is.


Vein scanners are increasingly being used as a business tool for a variety of applications such as access control, time and attendance tracking, and identity verification. The technology works by scanning a person’s hand, which is then compared to a database of previously stored vein patterns to authenticate their identity (Singh, 2019). Here are some examples of how vain scanners are being used in businesses:

Access control: Vein scanners are being used in secure facilities such as data centres, hospitals, and banks to restrict access to authorized personnel. This helps to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive areas and information.

Time and attendance tracking: In some workplaces, vein scanners are used to track employee attendance and punctuality. This is especially useful in industries where it is difficult to monitor attendance, such as manufacturing plants and construction sites.

Identity verification: Vein scanners can be used to verify the identity of customers or employees for various purposes such as opening a bank account or accessing a restricted area.

Payment authentication: In some countries, vein scanners are being used as a payment authentication method in retail stores. Customers can link their bank account to their vein pattern and pay for purchases by scanning their hands.

The effectiveness of vein scanners as a business tool depends on several factors such as the accuracy of the technology, the ease of use, and the cost-effectiveness. Overall, vein scanners are highly accurate and difficult to spoof, making them a reliable method of identity verification (Sharif, 2019). However, the cost of the technology and the need for specialized hardware can make it expensive to implement on a large scale. Additionally, some people may be hesitant to use the technology due to privacy concerns or discomfort with having their veins scanned (Ponnusamy, 2019).


In recent years, vein scanners have also been used in security applications, particularly in the field of biometric identification. Because the pattern of veins in each person’s body is unique, vein scanners can be used to verify a person’s identity. This technology is particularly useful in situations where fingerprint or facial recognition systems may not work due to factors such as skin conditions or injuries. vein scanners are a useful and increasingly popular technology that has a variety of medical and security applications (Carli, 2021).



The vein scanner protection access consists of 3 parts: the recording unit, the vein scanner, and the regulator. There are various biometric devices. In addition to being accurate and distortion-free, the vein scanner is also sterile, fast, and incredibly easy to use. Clients place a lot of trust in the vein scanner. Similarly, the vein has a large surface area and contains more than 5 million pieces of data of interest. This is undoubtedly more than other procedures and therefore the vein scanner has the lowest rate of misleading and sham confirmations compared to other biometrics. Most frameworks that use vein pattern recognition save the vein pattern as an image that can be encoded. Once again, with Palm-ID, filtered reference foci are saved directly in an encrypted format, meaning the vein pattern is encoded within the scanner itself. Therefore, this method of recognizing the pattern of veins in the palm of the hand provides an incredibly high degree of security (Parzy, 2020).

An innovative palm vein recognition system coordinates the biometric scanner with advanced patient matching software. The biometric palm vein scanner uses near-infrared light to capture the pattern of a vein in the palm of a patient’s hand. This result provides a remarkable biometric format, which is a computerized image of the unique pattern of the patient’s vein. During the primary enrolment process, an innovative palm vein recognition engine links this one-of-a-kind biometric format to the patient’s medical history in the healthcare provider’s wellness (HIS) database. When signing up, returning patients usually indicate their date of birth and show their palms. Palm vein recognition innovation then consistently and accurately reconstructs individual patient records (Senzolo, 2021).






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